This research seminar will explore how Jewish women experienced modernization in Europe and America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We will read memoirs of Jewish women in Germany, Russia, Poland, and the United States to see how they experienced assimilation, religious change, gender norms, education, and politics. Students will use primary sources to study Jewish women in these places and others.
Sister Courses: HIST408A, HIST408B, HIST408C, HIST408D, HIST408E, HIST408F, HIST408G, HIST408I, HIST408J, HIST408K, HIST408L, HIST408M, HIST408N, HIST408O, HIST408P, HIST408Q, HIST408R, HIST408T, HIST408V, HIST408W, HIST408X, HIST408Z
Average GPA: 3.02 between 36 students
Average GPA: 3.07 between 41 students
"W"s are considered to be 0.0 quality points. "Other" grades are not factored into the average GPA calculation.